While reading Thomas More’s Utopia, one can see the similarities between this excerpt and Plato’s Republic. They both obviously describe their own versions of what a perfect, utopian world would be like while introducing these ideas with the basis of equality among both men and women. More and Plato both describe their ideas of what gender equality means but as both of their readings progress, one can see the noticeable male superiority in this type of society.
In More’s Utopia, he describes instances where women definitely do not have the same opportunities or equalities as men. For example, in the section regarding marriage, women are married out when they are older and are told to move out while men are able to still live in the same house. They are not allowed to wear makeup, go hunting, gamble, etc. In general, women have very little individual freedoms to learn and do what they truly desire.
Going back to the Genesis excerpt, I also noticed how some ideas have derived from the Bible. When Eve is blamed for eating the fruit from the forbidden tree, God punishes Eve with pain during conception and childbirth; to be under her husband’s rule. On the other hand, Adam is basically punished to manual labor and is eventually taught the work of agriculture. In More’s Utopia, it is described that “wives serve their husbands” and report to their husbands regarding any wrongdoings or sins that they may have committed. It is also seen as normal for women to experience pain during or after childbirth, this is in reference to “every child is nursed by its own mother, if death or sickness does not intervene”.
Men are seen as the more dominant figure that “works hard” for the family while women are the ones who stay at home and nurture for the family. We can see how these concepts have affected gender roles throughout history and leading up to today’s world.